CERN’s 21 Member States each pay a contribution to the CERN budget (which totalled 1 240 million Swiss francs in 2013). In addition, special contributions are made to specific projects by the Host States and by non-Member States wishing to be involved in particular areas of research. This is the case for the LHC. The majority of CERN’s budget is spent on the construction of its enormous scientific installations, which are available for use by all the participating countries. The costs of these machines are far more than one single country could afford. In addition, more than 600 institutes around the world work together to conduct experiments using CERN’s facilities, and these experiments are funded by the participating institutes.